Bifolium of a Carthusian Missal

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Description

This wonderfully decorated bifolium is taken from a fourteenth-century liturgical manuscript of Carthusian origin, containing a section from the Temporale (for the week of Palm Sunday), as well as a few identified rubrications from the Vulgate (Book of Luke, Chapter 22).

Originally from a manuscript of nearly 300 leaves (600 pages), it is typical of its period both in the size and formation of the initial letters, with their elaborate filigree designs & in the colours employed.

The clean Gothic script in black ink has since faded into shades of brown, making its red and blue flourishes all the more brilliant. There is also an intricate floral design cascading to the bottom of the right-side verso, although almost completely lost to the ravages of time.

The seller’s note claims to have purchased it in Madrid, whereupon they would have also 'dismembered' the original manuscript in order to increase potential sales (a common practice called Book Breaking). Our investigations into provenance led us to freelance researcher Peter Kidd, who identified the original seller as likely being 'The Foliophiles, Inc.', or 'Society of Foliophiles', a mid-20th century organization created by New York book dealer George M.L. Brown. They compiled and issued "leaf books", portfolios of leaves taken from manuscripts and printed books.

Transcription

Recording for this transcription is currently unavailable. 

P. 105 - Recto;
Left Column:


Et misit Petru[m] et Ioh[ann]em
dice[n]s: eu[n]tes parate [no]b[is]
pascha. ut ma[n]ducem[us].
At illli dixerunt. Ubi uis.
pare[mus]? Et dix[it] ad eos. Ec-
ce i[n]troeu[n]tibus uob[is] i[n] ciui-
ce i[n]troeu[n]tibus uob[is] i[n] ciui-
ram aque porta[n]s. Seq[ui]-
mini eu[m] i[n] domini qua(m)
i[n]trat: et dicetis p[at]rifami-
lias dom[us]. Dic[it] tibi m[a]g[iste]r.
Ubi est diu[er]sor[rium] ubi p[a]s-
cha cu[m] discip[u]lis m[e]is ma[n]-
duce[m]? Et ip[s]e uob[is] oste[n]d[et]. A
cenac[u]l[u]m magnu[m] stratu[m]
et ibi parate. Eunt[e]s a[u]t:
i[n]uen[er]unt sicut dix[it] illis.
Et parau[e]r[un]t pascha. Et
cum f[a]c[t]a e[ss]et hora: discubu-
it. Et duodeci[m] ap[osto]li cum eo.
Et ait illis. Desid[er]io desi-
d[er]aui hoc pascha ma[n]du-
care uob[is]cu[m]: an[te]q[uam] paci
ar. Dico e[n]i[m] uob[is]: q[uia] ex h[oc]

 

P. 105 - Recto;
Right Column: 

 

no[n] ma[n]ducabo ill[u]d, don[e]c im-
pleat[ur] i[n] regno dei. Et accep-
to calice: gra[ti]as egit: et dix[it]. 
Accipite: et diuidite i[n]ter
uos. Dico e[n]i[m] uob[is]; quod no[n] bi-
bam de gen[er]at[i]o[n]e[m] uitis. don[e]c
regnum dei ue[n]iat. Et accep-
to pane; gra[ti]as egit et freg[i]t
et dedit eis dice[n]s. Hoc est cor-
p[us] m[e]u[m]: quod p[ro] uob[is] tradetur.
Hoc facite in m[e]a[m] [com]m[e]mor[a]-
t[i]one[m]. Simil[ite]r et calice[m] post-
q[ua]m cenauit dice[n]s. Hic est
calix nouu[m] t[e]stame[n]tu[m] i[n[ sa[n]-
gui[n]e m[e]o: qui p[ro] uob[is] fu[n]detur.
Ueru[m]ptame[n] ma[n]us tra-
dentis me: mec[um] e[st] i[n] mensa.
Et q[ui]de[m] fili[us] ho[m]i[ni]s: s[ecundu]m q[uo]d di-
finitu[m] e[st] uadit. Uerumpt[ame]n
ue ho[min]i illi: per que[m] tradet[ur].
Et ip[s]i cep[er]u[n]t q[ue]rere int[er] se;
q[ui]s esset ex eis q[ui] h[o]c f[a]c[t]ur[us] e[ss]et.
Facta est aut[em] et [con]tent[i]o i[n]ter
eos: quis eo[rum] uide[re]t[ur] e[ss]e ma-

 

P. 105 - Verso;
Left Column:

 

monume[n]to; [supra: et] suscitauit eu[m]
amortuis. Propt[er]ea et ob-
uia[m] uenit et t[ur]ba; quia audi-
er[un]t eu[m] fecisse hoc signu[m]. P-
harisei [er]g[o]; dix[er]u[n]t ad sem[e]t-
ip[s]os. Uidetis q[uia] nichil p[ro]-
ficim[us]. Ecce mu[n]dus totus;
post eu[m] abiit. Era[nt] aut[em] ge[n]-
tiles q[ui]da[m] ex his qui ascen-
dera[n]t; ut adorare[n] i[n] die fe-
sto. Hi [er]g[o] accesser[un]t ad phi-
lipu[m]; qui erat a bethsaid[a] 
galilee; et rogaba[n]t eu[m] di-
cent[e]s. D[omi]ne: uolu[m][us] ih[esu]m
uid[er]e. Ue[n]it philippus; et dicit
andree. Andreas rursu[m] et
philipp[us]: dix[er]u[n]t ih[es]u. Ih[esu]s a[u]t[em]
r[es]po[n]dit eis dice[n]s. Ue[n]it hora;
ut clarificet[ur] filiu[us] ho[min]is. Ame[n]
ame[n] dico uob[is]; nisi granu[m]
frume[n]ti cade[n]s in t[er]ra[m] mortu-
um fu[er]it: ip[su]m solu[m] man[e]t.
Si a[u]t[em] mortuu[m] fu[er]it: m[u]ltum
fructu[m] affert. Q[ui] amat a[n]i[m]am 
 
P. 105 - Verso;
Right Column:
 
sua[m]: p[er]det ea[m]. Et q[ui] odit
a[n]i[m]am sua[m] i[n] hoc mu[n]di: i[n]
uita[m] et[er]na[m] custodit eam.
Siq[ui]s m[ihi] mi[ni]strat: m[e] seq[ui]t[ur]
Et ubi su[m] ego; illic et
mi[ni]ster m[eu]s erit. Siq[ui]s mihi
mi[ni]strau[er]it; honorifica-
bit eu[m] p[ate]r m[eu]s q[ui] e[st] i[n] celis. N-
unc a[n]i[m]a mea t[ur]bata est. Et
q[ui]d dicam? Pater; salui-
fica m[e] ex hac hora. Set
p[ro]pt[er]ea ueni: i[n] hora[m] hanc.
Pater: clarifica nome[n]
tuu[m]. Ue[n]it [er]go uox de celo
et clarificaui: et it[er]um
calrificabo. Turba [er]g[o] que
stabat [et] audierat: dice-
bat tonitruu[m] factu[m] e[ss]e.
Alii dicebant: ang[e]lus ei
loctu[us] e[st]. Respondit ih[esu]s;
et dix[it[. Non p[ro]pt[er] me uox 
hec uenit: s[ed] p[ro]pt[er] uos. N-
unc iudiciu[m] est mu[n]di.
Nu[n]c p[ri]nceps hui[us] mu[n]-
 
p. 112 - Recto;
Left Column:
 
di: eiciet[ur] foras. Et ego
si exaltatus fu[er]o a t[er]ra o[m]n[i]a
traham ad me ipsum. Hoc 
a[u]t[em] dicebat; sig[ni]ficans q[ua]
morte e[ss]et morit[ur][us]. Res-
pondit ei turba. Nos au
diuim[us] ex lege: q[uia] [Christus]
manet i[n] et[er]nu[m]. Et q[uo]m[odo]
tu dicis opor [supratet] exaltari fi-
liu[m] hominis ho[min]is Q[ui]s est iste fi-
li[us] ho[min]is? Dix[it] [er]g[o] eis ih[esu]s.
Adhuc modocu[m] lume[n]
in uob[is] e[st]. Amb[u]late du[m]
luce[m] h[ab]etis: ut no[n] tene-
bre uos [com]p[re]he[n]da[n]t. Et qui
amb[u]lat i[n] ten[e]bris; ne-
scit quo uadat. Dum lu-
cem h[ab]etis; credite in
lucem; ut filii lucis si-
tis. Hec locutus e[st] ih[esu]s; 
et abiit. et absco[n]dit se
ab eis. Offertorium. Eripe me
de inimicis m[e]is do[mine] ad [supra: te] confu-
gi doce me fac[er]e uolu[n]tate uolu[n]tate[m] tua[m] 
 
P.112 - Recto;
Right Column:
 
q[uia] d[eu]s m[eu]s es tu. Secreta:
ec sac[ri]ficia nos o[mni]p[oten]s
deus pote[n]ti u[ir]tute 
mu[n]datos. ad suu[m] faciant
p[ur]iores ue[n]ire p[ri]ncipiu[m]. <Per> Do[minum]
n[ost]r[u]m i[hesum] [christum] f[ilium] t[uum] qui tec[um]
[om. uiuit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti Deus, per omnia saecula saeculorum.] Communio:
Erubesca[n]t [et] reu[er]ea[n]t[ur] sim[u]l
qui gratulant[ur] malis
m[e]is induant[ur] pudore [et] reuere[n]-
cia qui maligna locu[n]tur ad u[er]su[m] m[e].
Completorio. rebeant nob[is]
d[omi]ne diuinu[m] tua sa[n]c[t]a
feruore[m]; quo eo[rum[ parit[er]
et actu dele<c>tem[ur] [et] fructu:
P[er] <dominum nostrum> Super populum diuua 
nos d[eu]s salutaris
noster; et ad b[e]n[e]ficia re-
colenda q[ui]b[us] nos i[n]staurare
dignat[us] es tribue ue[n]ire
gaudentes; Qui uiuis. F[e]r[i]a
i[n]t[ro]it[us]. Nos a[u]t[em] gl[or]iari
app[or][et] i[n] cruce do[mini] n[ost]ri ih[es]u 
[christ]i in q[uo] est sal[us] uita [et] 
resurrectio nostra p[er] que[m] saluati <...> 
 
p. 112 - Verso:
Left Column:
 
eo q[uo]d laborauit a[n]i[m]a ei[us];
uidebit et saturab[itu]r. In sci-
encia sua iustificabit ip[s]e 
iust[us] s[er]uos m[e]os multos; [et]
iniq[ui]tates eo[rum] ip[s]e portabit.
Ideo disp[er]cia ei pl[ur]imos; [et]
fociu[m] diuidet spolia; p[ro] e-
o q[uo]d tradidit i[n] morte[m] a[n]i[m]am 
sua[rum]; et c[um] sceleratis reputa-
tus est. Et ip[s]e p[e]cc[atu]m m[u]lto[rum]
tulit; et pro transg[re]ssorib[us]
rogauit. Tractus. 
D[omi]ne exaudi or[ati]one[m] meam
et cla[mor] m[eu]s ad te ue[n]iat. ℣
Non au[er]tas fa[ciem] t[uam] a m[e]. i[n] q[ua]c[um]q[ue] die t[ri]bu[lor]
i[n]cli[na] ad me aure[m] tua[m]. ℣ In q[ua]cu[m]q[ue] die
i[n]uoca[ero] te uelocit[er] [rep.: er] me. ℣ Quia de-
fe[cerunt] sic[ut] fum[us] dies mei et ossa mea
sic[ut] infrixorio co[n]frixa s[un]t. ℣ Perc[us]s[us] 
sum et fenu[m] et aruit cor m[e]u[m] q[uia]
oblit[us] sum ma[n]ducare pane[m] meu[m]
℣ Tu ex[ur]gens do[min]e mis[er]eb[er]is Syon
q[uia] uenit t[em]p[u]s mis[er]e[n]di ei[us]. D[omi]n[u]s
uob[is]cu[m]; Passio d[omi]ni n[ost]ri
 
p. 112 - Verso;
Right Column:
 
Ihesu [Christ]i: s[e]c[un]d[u]m lucham:
Non d[icitu]r gl[or]ia tibi d[omi]ne;
In illo t[em]p[o]r[e]; Ap[ro]pi[n]qu[a]-
bat a[u]t[em] dies festus
Azimorum; q[ui] d[icitu]r pas-
cha. Et q[ue]reba[n]t p[ri]n-
cipes sac[er]dotr[m] [et] sc[ri]be;
q[uo]m[odo] Ihesum int[er]fic[er]ent.
Tim[e]ban[n]t u[er]o plebe[m].
Intrauit a[u]t[em] Sathan-
as i[n] Iuda[m] q[ui] cogno
mi[nib]at[ur] Sarioth; unu[m] 
de duodeci[m]. Et abiit 
et locut[us] e[st] cu[m] p[ri]incipi-
bus sac[er]dotum et magis-
tratibus; que[m]admodu[m]
illu[m]  traderet eius. Et ga-
uisi su[n]t; et pacti su[n]t pec-
cu[n]iam illi dare. Et spo-
pondit. Et q[ue]rebat opor-
tunitate[m]; ut trad[er]et eum
sine turbis. Ue[n]it aut[em]
dies Azomo[rum]; in q[ua] ne-
cesse erat occidi pascha
Metadata
  • Title: "Bifolium of a Carthusian Missal"
  • Subject: Liturgy, Octave of Palm Sunday, Passion according to Luke
  • Size: Bifolium. 295 mm x 440 mm; Folio. 295 mm x 220mm
  • Quality: Good quality parchment; main hand is black ink (faded to brown), darker where retouched in spots. There are also several rips in the binding as well as apparent water damage on both sides of the manuscript.
  • Binding: A single bifolium of a much larger manuscript (300 folios, according to the original seller)
  • Ruling: Light pencil-ruled lines, down and across each column
  • Illuminations: There are a total of 7 illuminated initials (in red, blue and black ink) present on the manuscript, as well as 5 decorative flourishes found on the front left column of the folio (ARC scan 30). There is also a faded floral filigree at the bottom of the right front page of the folio (ARC scan 30). While the image is almost completely faded away, one assumes it was a very large sprawling floral image that cascaded down to the bottom of the page.
  • Date: circa 14th century
  • Location: possibly The original seller (unidentified) claims to have purchased the manuscript in Madrid.
  • Language: Latin
  • Script: Gothic script
  • Archive: Carleton University Archives and Research Collections
  • Reference Number: ARC Scan 27-30

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